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Reaction/Reflection On Research Paper

What Is The Difference Between A Research Paper And A Reflection Paper?

Most of the people misinterpret and consider research and reflection papers as the same, but actually these are two different types that are written for different reasons. The focus of student on the topic decides the primary difference between the two. Such topics are usually those that students have studied throughout the year.

Both the type of documents has three sections- an introduction, the body section and the conclusion. Though they follow pretty common style of writing and are very similar in their approach, the students should follow their writer’s instruction religiously. In both the cases, they should begin by highlighting the major points and then narrow down the feelings organizing the points with cohesion.


  • Reaction Paper is also known as “Response paper” whereas the Research document is known as “Report, “Statement of belief” or Statement of Principles”.

  • Reflection paper is designed in such way that students express their emotions genuinely on a certain topic. It is not merely the summary of the studies conducted throughout the year, instead, it emphasizes on primary readings, integrating them based on thinking, practice and classroom experience. While the other type document are written after gathering information from various credible resources and then writing it in a particular format (APA,MLA etc) after following instructor’s guidelines.

  • Reflection writing answers many questions as in how students feel about the topic, whether they agree with the stated happenings, events etc or not, whether they find any similarity with the topic. In the end they are asked to carry the evaluation based on their writing.

  • After a brief description is written on the given topic, personal reactions are highlighted while emphasizing the agreement or disagreement.

  • In Research writing students focus more on his learning rather than expressing his emotions or feelings. However personal feelings are still there but almost negligible. The text concentrates on statements and feelings. They answer the questions in form of student’s thinking, visuals and then overall analysis whereas the Reflection manuscripts emphasizes allot on personal reactions.

  • Reflection articles are basically the opportunity to reveal your thoughts and analyze them as in what you have studied and experienced. It fairly illustrates the students’ understanding of the topic. You should initiate the writing of reflection documents by jotting down the points that you have collected in the reading materials or from your class experiences whereas in other type of work, the data is gathered through various online resources, authenticated websites like .edu, .gov, .net etc. Apart from these scholarly articles, journals, magazines, reporter’s collection, collected matter of previous students etc are also referred.
(submitted by a student in CRIM 1006E, Fall term 2003)

Mark:  4/5

Please NOTE:  This paper is presented as a model based on the way the author began the inquiry, (i.e. narrowing the reflection by posing a question and focusing on it).  There are areas for improvement in the piece (e.g. carrying through with the author's initially posed question; focusing more critically
on Bodi's argument and/or her responses to this author's comments), however, it is offered as a formidable example of how to initially tackle a critically reflective piece by focusing on only one point, argument, (or in this case, sentence).

I found the article written by Sonia Bodi was very informative and interesting. Although many of the ideas she presented I agreed with, there were also a few points that I'd like to argue against. First I would like to answer the question that was proposed in the title of this article: How do we bridge the gap between what we ( professors) teach and what they ( students) do? To fill in that gap, both sides need to work together. Students need to push themselves to expand their knowledge and help themselves become more inquisitive, critical, and reflective. Professors, on the other hand, should push and challenge the students to become better thinkers and help them use what skills they know to their advantage. When students and professors are thinking on the same page, they will start to understand each other's viewpoint, thus making researching a paper more easier.

I agree that students do have a more difficult time to deal with the pressure of writing a research essay.  "Choosing a topic and its focus is perhaps the most difficult task in research."  This statement is very true. I sometimes complain when I have to write an essay focusing on a specific topic that a professor has assigned, but in reality, writing an essay on a topic you can pick yourself is even harder. Sometimes I have so many ideas to write down on paper I become overwhelmed and stressed; even though I am researching a topic that I myself have freely chosen. This is the time where, as stated in the Bodi article, that students "experience uncertainly and confusion."  This quote was made after studying high school students' behavior while researching topics. I thought about this statement while I read the rest of the article and came to a conclusion about the truth of this quote. Although I understand how to now, I was never taught how to write a proper research paper in high school; and I am sure that many people also feel this way as well. The teachers were very lenient about the way our research essays were presented, so it was never a big deal if I forgot to add a bibliography to the paper. This might be a possible answer to some of Sonia Bodi's statements about the quality of first year students' papers: some early year university students might just never have been taught properly.

Another problem that seems to affect students, from my experience, is the method of acquiring the information for the research paper. The Internet use to be where I got most of my information, and while I feel it is a valuable source, I know that libraries are even more beneficial. I can understand why students seem to turn away from Libraries because all that information can be overwhelming and stressful. Therefore, another problem is presented before the actual research process has even begun. I really enjoyed the quote by William Blake: "You never know what is enough unless you know what is more than enough." It seems to add to the confusion of writing a research paper: How much information should I put in my paper? What are the most important topics and which topics should be left out?
As mentioned above, there were a few points I disagreed with. Quotes such as "students search in a haphazard, unplanned way, happy to find whatever" and "lack of patience" were easy for me to contradict. Although I have never been taught how to write a properly finished research paper, I have been taught how to write an outline. And though I may sometimes get overwhelmed with all the possible information I could write in my paper, I don't search for that information haphazardly and unplanned. I write an outline to help narrow down the field of topics I wish to write in my paper, but even with that, there are still vast amounts of information that I could research on. And unlike most scholars, who get paid to research and have all the time in the world, I can't afford to shift through all that information when I have a deadline. I don't feel it is fair to compare students with scholars, because it makes hard working students seem uneducated. Doing research is a way for scholars to make a living, and for most students, researching a paper is simply a way to make a grade. I feel that I do try my best while researching a paper, but the problem is, I don't have the time to look through all that information that scholars do have the time to look through. It is very hard to pick a focus that can have such vast topics. And I feel this is the main problem for many students, like myself.

I enjoyed very much reading this article. It allowed me to critically reflect upon the way students carry out their research papers. Sonia Bodi presented many valuable points that will help me focus on any future papers I will research.

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