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Urbanization Ielts Essay

Many people leave the countryside for the greater opportunities which are offered by cities. This move is not without disadvantages for both people and the environment. What are some benefits and drawbacks of urbanisation?

Nowadays, the issue of urbanization is more frequently discussed than ever before due to its increasing impacts on lives and on the environment. The advantages of urbanization could be better economy and education and also less land to be used for agricultural purposes. In contrast, this phenomenon could result in poor living and working conditions and some negative effects on the air quality.

First, many people hope that if they move to live in a big city they could have higher-income jobs and better education. For example, Beijing is believed to be a dream land to many Chinese citizens. This is where many domestic and foreign companies are located so many young people from the rural areas of the country have moved to this city to look for occupation. These people wish to earn some money and send them to their struggling families. Other people, however, want their children to have the best education they can have. Often high-ranked schools or universities with well-trained teachers are in this city. Moreover, since the youth of the country sides have gone, there are not many people left to do the agricultural works so there will be less land to be exploited to produce agriculture products. This can be argued a good impact on the environment.

However, the critics of urbanization argue that as too many people move to major cities in recent years, there is greater competition for jobs. This means only people with greatest ability can remain staying in these cities. Often they have to work the jobs that they have to exert themselves so hard, such as the works in construction sites, and are often in dangers which can cause death to them. Big cities nowadays are facing the problems of overpopulation and the most obvious is the lack of space for people to live. Often, people from poor villages when they move to an urban area they have no choice but to live in the places which have no electricity and clean drink water. Some people even have to live under a bridge or in a park. Moreover, the expansion of city often leads to trees have to be cut off for buildings to rise. The reduced amount of trees can be easily linked to a rapid fall in the quality of air which can severely damage the health of many people.

In conclusion, after considering both sides of urbanization, more bad is felt to be resulted from this phenomenon than good. As such, the rapid increasing trend in the number of city life should be carefully managed by strict policies.

Please correct my writing. Thank you guys in anticipation.

"The advantages of urbanization could be better economy and education and also less land to be used for agricultural purposes"
I think this sentence should be fixed:
The advantages of urbanization could be better economy,education, and environment.
It is parallel and clear

"This can be argued a good impact on the environment"
I add "as" before "a good impact"

"Often they have to work the jobs that they have to exert themselves so hard, such as the works in construction sites, and are often in dangers which can cause death to them"

I think this sentence is a little too long and it can be confusing with some people.

The way you start a sentence by using "often" varies in two sentences in a row

"Often, people from poor villages when they move to an urban area they have no choice but to live in the places which have no electricity and clean drink water"

It is missing something :d
also, drinking water, not " drink water"

"Moreover, the expansion of city often leads to trees have to be cut off for buildings to rise"
leads to tree cutting would be right

"The reduced amount of trees can be easily linked to a rapid fall in the quality of air which can severely damage the health of many people"

...of air, which can ...

"more bad is felt to be resulted from this phenomenon than good"
good and bad are adj so adding impacts or effects

rapidly increasing trend and the number of cities

My opinion :d

well yes hvthoteen, you are right in some corrections of my essay:
1. Often they have to work the jobs that they have to exert themselves so hard, such as the works in construction sites, and are often in dangers which can cause death to them -> In most times, they have to do the jobs, such as the ones in construction sites, which require them to exert themselves so hard.

2. drinking water not drink water

3. Moreover, the expansion of city often leads to trees being cut off for buildings to rise

4. rapidly increasing trend

Thank you very much for correcting me :)

do you mean some of my corrections are wrong. I think they are all right :))

hello,
I think that the corrections made by "hvthoteen" are correct . I would like to comment on the structuring of your essay.

In the first paragraph (Introductory para) , you have mentioned the advantages and disadvantages. This is not wrong, however I would advise you to save these points for later paragraphs instead of the introductory paragraph. More over the last sentence of the first paragraph is a really important one (Theme sentence). Your theme sentence gives the direction of your essay and is really the basis of the new writers. Professional writers can write without it also, but they know how to twist the emotions and the thinking of the reader. Do read this link to know what is the actual importance of a thesis (theme) sentence.

grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/composition/thesis.htm

--> In the advantages section of the essay, you can write also the following points:
....availability of proper health care and attention in case of medical emergencies in cities.
.... higher standard of living and better facilities available in the cities.

---> In the disadvantages section, you can write also:
....over-crowded cities
....imbalance of the economy

----> Your conclusion is not as effective as it should be. I would advise you to write the most impactful lines in the introduction n the conclusion paragraphs. Moreover it is also a little short.

----> read the five para structuring of essays, it would be really helpful if you wanna give IELTS/TOEFL. Read this: bookrags.com/articles/4.html

I hope it will help you.

Good luck and cheers.

@hvthoteen: I just wanna keep some of those as they used to be, they are just minors and I feel it's alright to do so.

@ajit88rai: could you, by any chance, write a thesis sentence for this essay? I just want to see how you do it and to learn from it.

Thank you guys.

ajit88rai: is it required that an ielts essay must have 5 paragraphs?. I sometimes see 7-8 band essays with only 4 paragraphs. This really confuses me

Firstly you cant see an IELTS essay as they dont allow you to take anything out of the exam room except ur belongings.
- what you must have seen must have been corrected by teachers or professors but not the IELTS examiners.
-I believe in a minimum 5 para approach as I was advised this by a professional examiner .

-I never say that four para is wrong. Conventional argumentative essays require a minimum five paras. Maybe you can write an exceptionally good essay in just three paras. I go by conventional methods and improvisation is never a bad thing.

-Getting 8 bands in Ielts means the person would end up getting 8.5 bands out of 9.- which is a little more than exceptionally tough. I hope you do get it. Good luck

@leafninja- theme sentence is a line in which u state the opinion u gonna support .

Hi Ajit Rai,

Could I ask if you have any time before followed exactly the 5 paragraph structure (bookrags.com/articles/4.html) in an IELTS Academic Writing? and if the answer is YES, did you complete the test, I mean both tasks, in time?

Do you think it will take me more than 40 to complete the task 2 by following this 5 para structure if I'm not one of the "top" candidates who can easily generate ideas and write fairly fast?

Ajit Rai, I noticed that you are very active in this forum. You are doing a great work for others. I appreciate your help and may I wish you deserving all the goodness.

Thanks Naruto. My IELTS experience was a real weird one I should say. The venue was a big very big hotel of our city, plus a real hot female invigilator was there, plus the tension of performing. I did Listening task really easily, Reading I somehow finished in time.

-In writing task, the sheet they gave, I thought that I have to fit my both tasks in that only. So I wrote the whole sheet in 50 mins n then sat there relaxing. I was disappointed that I wrote only four paragraphs for task 2. Just 2 mins before the end, I noticed that other students were taking extra sheets. I felt I screwed my exam. I know u will say it weird but when ur brain is working too fast then u do miss some trivial things.

-My band scores were :
L-8.5
R-8
W-6.5
S-7

-I still blame that confusion that i got less score in writing section. My essay strcuture was bad even when I knew what it should have been, but thats luck.

-Time management is very essential. One gal in my room had noted al the listening answerz while the audio was playing ,which is allowed, but she didnt write them on answer sheets in time-DO MANAGE YOUR TIME ELSE NO MATTER HOW GOOD UR ENGLISH IS, YOU WILL BE IN BIG TROUBLE.

-HOPE IT WILL HELP U

GOOD LUCK N CHEERS MY FRIEND

@Ajit Rai : have you applied for a reassessment? I think your writing ability should help you to get at least 7. I dont believe it too.

My score was 6.5 in writing too, and I think grammar and vocabulary are the two major things that need to be improved to get a better score.

I can tell you the truth that the invigilator for my exam was SUPER HOT too. She looks like Angelia Jolie. :))

Well my score is sufficient to get me admission- so I dont wanna do any sort of re-assessment. :-)

As one of IELTS candidates, I also quite appreciate Ajit's help~~
Your suggestions and recommended websites are useful~~thx~~

I try your use 5 pare. way to write essay, I think it's pretty cool~~

What are some benefits and drawbacks of urbanisation?


They gave a stupid question here. It does not make you want to write an essay with a clear message.

Even if they give a stupid prompt like this, add a clear message to your essay.

Add a message to the end of that first paragraph. Send a message to the reader's mind. This is not just about listing benefits and drawbacks. It is about making an astute observation that will be MEMORABLE to the reader.

Do you know what I mean? It is what I always say: One essay = One big idea.

more bad is felt to be resulted from this phenomenon than good.---make this argument at the end of the first paragraph, and give a reason.

As such, the rapidly increasing trend...

EF_Kevin I would like to ask you one question. Well, is it possible to write a good essay, for example, for band score 7.5 with simple words on the IELTS examination? Once I heard that students shouldn't write with simple words in order to achieve a high band... What do you think?

Well, is it possible to write a good essay, for example, for band score 7.5 with simple words on the IELTS examination?


You know, you might be right. I do not have a lot of experience with the IETLS.

I wonder if you are able to access an example of an essay that gets a high score. That would help.

Keep in mind, everyone who scores the test is just a human. She might interpret the scoring criteria differently than another judge interprets it.

Anyway, I know one thing: When you want to write web content, a novel, a professional letter, etc., the most powerful way to communicate is with short sentences.

That is why Yoda and Zen masters usually use short sentences. ;-)


IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1104 - People do not know their neighbors and the sense of community is lost

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Last Updated: Saturday, 29 April 2017 14:50
Written by IELTS Mentor
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many cities, an increasing number of people do not know their neighbours and the sense of community is lost. Discuss the causes and give measures to turn it around.

Discuss both views and give your opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:
The significant rises of the population, fast paced life, crime rate and dependency on technology in the urban areas make more people become unacquainted and unfriendly to their neighbours. However, there are measures that can be taken to alleviate this issue.

In today’s technology dependent era, people are mostly busy with their own work. Major streets in the cities are filled with busy people walking fast to reach their office or business place. They are even busy talking to their office colleagues and family members over the phone. After they return home late evening, they watch television, use computer and the Internet or spend time with family members. They scarcely have any time to socialise with neighbours. In some scenarios, people do not even know who live next door in city areas. These are the everyday scenarios in the cities where social interactions could be rarely seen as individuals have no time to socialise and much focused on their own work or personal interests.

Again, the rampant acceleration of crimes in the urban community makes individual become unnecessarily cautious and suspicious about other people, especially with the people they meet for the very first time. Even trusting their own neighbourhood would be tough for them as they are in constant fear of being harmed. As a result inhabitants of cities tend to become isolated as they are afraid to mingle because of undeveloped acquaintance. Unlike rural areas, where comparatively fewer people live together, city areas are highly populated and it is not unlikely that several thousands of people live in a block. Maintaining social relationship with all of them is this thus quite impossible.     

On the other hand, considering possible measures to improve a sense of community in the neighbourhood community officials must organise programmes regularly to encourage camaraderie. Secondly, building more parks, social gathering places, community centres and children’s playground in the community could be a good measure to let people socialise and know each other. This is also helpful for meeting friends, bonding with family and neighbours. As a result, people living in the community would develop a sense of friendship. Positive news and events among community members should be highlighted in media to eradicate the fear people have about unknown people. Finally, organising different community groups to help people find others with same interest and to share common passions is a very effective measure to help people enhance their neighbouring bonds and relationship in my opinion.

To sum it up, city life and overwhelming population should not be hindrances to our sense of community and our relationship with our neighbours. It would be nicer for the community to develop a friendly environment to create a better place to live in with all the neighbours.

[Written by - Marilou Mendezabal ]

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