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Child Labor Research Paper Conclusion

1. Basu K, Tzannatos Z. The Global Child Labor Problem: What Do We Know and What Can We Do? World Bank Econ Rev. 2003;17:147–73.

2. Angnihotram RV. An overview of occupational health research in India. Indian Journal of Occupational Environ Med. 2005;9:10–4.

3. Burra, Neera “Child labour in rural areas with a special focus on migration, agriculture, mining and brick kilns” National Commission for Protection of Child Rights. [Last retrieved on 2009 Oct 19]. www.ncpcr.gov.in/report .

4. Unicef, Guide to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 2006. [Last accessed on 2006]. Available from: http://www.unicef.org/crc/

5. Tiwari RR. Child labour in footwear Industry: Possible occupational health hazards. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2005;9:7–9.

6. Geneva, Switzerland: ILO; 2003. International Labour Organisation Combating Child Labour through Education 2003.

7. ILO good practice guide for addressing child labour in fisheries and aquaculture: Policy and practice preliminary version international labour organization. 2011

8. ILO. Child Labor: How the challenge is being met. Int Labor Rev. 1997;136:233–57.

9. Child Labour and Responses in South Asia International Labour Organization (ILO) 1996-2012

10. Cooper SP, Rothstein MA. Health hazards among working children in Texas. South Med J. 1995;88:550–4.[PubMed]

11. Ali M, Shahab S, Ushijima H, de Muynck A. Street children in Pakistan: A situational analysis of social conditions and nutritional status. Soc Sci Med. 2004;59:1707–17.[PubMed]

12. Khan H, Hameed A, Afridi AK. Study on child labour in automobile workshops of Peshawar, Pakistan. East Mediterr Health J. 2007;13:1497–502.[PubMed]

13. Laraqui CH, Caubet A, Laraqui O, Belamallem I, Harourate K, Curtes JP, et al. Child labour in the artisan sector of Morocco: Determinants and health effects. Sante Publique. 2000;12:31–43.[PubMed]

14. Nuwayhid IA, Usta J, Makarem M, Khudr A, El-Zein A. Health of children working in small urban industrial shops. Occup Environ Med. 2005;62:86–94.[PMC free article][PubMed]

15. Saddik B, Nuwayhid I, Williamson A, Black D. Evidence of neurotoxicity in working children in Lebanon. Neurotoxicology. 2003;24:733–9.[PubMed]

16. Fekadu D, Alem A, Hägglöf B. The prevalence of mental health problems in Ethiopian child labourers. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006;47:954–9.[PubMed]

17. Thabet AA, Matar S, Carpintero A, Bankart J, Vostanis P. Mental health problems among labour children in the Gaza Strip Child: Care, health and development. 2010;1:1–7.[PubMed]

18. Geneva: ILO; 1992. ILO (International Labour Office). World Labour Report 1992.

19. Yadav SK, Gowri Sengupta G. Environmental and occupational health problems of child labour: Some Issues and Challenges for Future. J Hum Ecol. 2009;28:143–8.


On December 19, 2003, R.A 9231 or “an act providing for the elimination of the worst

forms of child labor and affording stronger protection for the working child

was enacted. Worstforms of labor refer to all forms of slavery, prostitution, illicit or illegal activities, and hazardousor morally questionable occupations. The new law basically amended RA 7610 and added newsections to it so as to further meet the protection that children deserved. Section 12 D is one of the recently added sections which emphasizes the prohibitions against the worst forms of child

labor by stating that “no child must be engaged in the worst form of child labor.”

However,despite this law being enacted for almost 8 years already, a remarkable change for the better hasnot yet been truly visible to our society. The US Department of Labor seems to affirm thisstatement in a report submitted last December 15.

“The Philippines is one of over 120 countries where the “worst forms of child labor”

continue to exist, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and oftendenying children the chance to attend school and learn the skills they

need to become productive adults.”

This report must serve as an eye opener for us Filipinos about the current situation of this socialdilemma in our country.In the same report by the US Department of Labor, the number of various projects allintended to suppress this issue is one evidence that our government uses to point out their claimthat they still are doing their best to combat child labor. DOLE, which is responsible for theenforcement of child labor laws, claims to have lead innovative community based mechanism fordetecting, monitoring, and reporting children working in abusive and hazardous situations

through “ Sagip Batang Manggagawa” (

US Labor Reports, 542). There is also the existence of 

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